Baluran National Park has some of the few dryland ecosystem types in Java, consisting of the savanna. It also has a mangrove forest, monsoon forests, evergreen forests. Baluran National Park Office: Jl KH Agus Salim 132, Banyuwangi 68425, East Java, Tel: +62-333-424119, Fax: +62-333-412680, Location Regency Situbondo East Java.
About 40% of the Park area is dominated by savanna type vegetation.
There are 444 species of plant growing in Baluran National Park, including curious and indigenous species like widoro bukol (Ziziphus rotundifolia), mimba (Azadirachta indica), and pilang (Acacia leucophloea). These three species are able to adapt to very arid conditions, remaining green while the plants around them wither. Other plants in the Park include tamarind (Tamarindus indica), gadung (Dioscorea hispida), kemiri (Aleurites moluccana), gebang (Corypha utan), api-api (Avicennia sp.), kendal (Cordia obliqua), manting (Syzygium polyanthum), and kepuh (Sterculia foetida).
The 26 species of mammal include the banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), Asian wild dog (Cuon alpinus javanicus), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak), Timor deer (Cervus timorensis russa), panther (Panthera pardus), lesser Malay mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus pelandoc), fishing cats (Prionailurus viverrinus); and ebony leaf monkey (Trachypithecus auratus auratus). The banteng is the mascot of Baluran National Park.
In addition, there are about 155 species of bird, some of them endangered species like the green peafowl (Pavo muticus), red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), malabar hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus conversus), rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), barn swallow (Hirundo rustica), koel (Eudynamys scolopacea), and lesser adjutant stork (Leptoptilos javanicus).
At Km. 80 on the Batangan-Bekol road there is an old well which has become a legend amongst the surrounding community. Legend has it that long ago, people from the towns of Banyuwangi, Bali, and Balura were simultaneously digging wells in their respective cities. Whichever well was first to gush forth water meant that the city would become a center of trade and culture.
Interesting locations & attractions Baluran National Park
Batangan: historical site in the form of a Japanese cave. This place is a witness to Indonesia s fierce struggle for independence against the Japanese. A good place to observe animals, particularly the peacock dance in the mating season between October and November, and go camping. Bekol, Semiang: watching animals such as the barking deer, banteng, red junglefowl, and green peafowl. Bama, Balanan, Bilik: marine tours, fishing, swimming, diving/snorkeling, and watching great herds of deer. During July and August, stags can be seen fighting each other. At low tide, troops of ebony leaf monkeys can be seen fishing for crabs using their tails at high tide. Manting, Air Kacip: a year-round water source, bird watching in the early morning and afternoon.
Popongan, Sejile, Sirontoh, and Kalitopo: rowing on the calm sea while watching shoals of ornamental fish, watching migrant birds. Candi Bang, Labuan Merak, and Kramat: sites of historical/cultural interest.
Best time of year to visit: March to August.
How to reach Baluran National Park: Banyuwangi-Batangan, 35 km; then proceed to Bekol, 45 minutes (12 km); or Situbondo-Batangan, 98 km by car.
Declared Minister of Agriculture, in 1960.
Designated Minister of Forestry, SK.No.279/Kpts-VI/97.
a total area of 25,000 hectares.
Location Regency of Situbondo (Province of East Java).
Temperature 27° – 34° C.
Rainfall 1960 – 1,980 mm/year.
Altitude 0 – 1,247 m asl.
Geographical location 114°17′ – 114°28′ E; 7°29′ – 7°55′ S.
Park Office: Jl. KH Agus Salim 132.
Banyuwangi 68425, East Java.
Tel. : +62-333-424119.