Semarang Central Java information, places of interest, local cultures, Javanese tradition, heritages, Climate information, Religion and about people of Javanese. Semarang is the province of Central Java includes the Karimun Jawa island and the Kangean islands, which are located in the Java Sea.
The indigenous ethnic groups of this province are the Javanese, the Samin people, the Karimun people, and the Kangean people. Central Java’s capital city is Semarang, one of the biggest cities in Indonesia. In this city located the traditional herbal medicine museum, Museum Jamu Nyonya Meneer. There is also a very famous Buddhist temple, Sam Po Kong temple. The city of Solo is also located in this province. Solo is very famous for its batik and dances. There is also the palace of the Sunan (King) in this city. In the region of Muntilan, there is the biggest Buddhist temple in Indonesia, Borobudur Temple. Each year during the Waisak day which falls in May, thousands of the Buddha devotees come and pray at this temple.
The Province of Central Java, as one of The Indonesian Tourist Destination Areas, offers various kinds of tourist attractions whether natural, cultural, or man-made features. Central Java is located exactly in the center of Java Island. It borders with West Java Province in the western part, while in the eastern part borders with East Java Province. On the part of the southern side lies also the province of Yogyakarta Special Region.
The low land plains are found alongside the northern beaches. The high land plains are found in the Center of Central Java with mountains stretching lengthwise from the west to the east with a line of mountains, such as Slamet Mount(3,428 m), Perahu Mount(2,585 m), Sindoro Mount(3,135 m)Sumbing Mount(3,321 m), Merapi Mount (3,142 m), Ungaran Mount( 2,050 m)and near the border with East Java Province is Mount Lawu(3,265 m), while on the northern side there is Muria Mount(1,602 m).
At the feet of these mountains will find a pleasant and cool highland plain with beautiful panoramas such as Baturaden, the Dieng Plateau,Bandungan, Kopeng, Tawangmangu, Colo, etc.apart from these mountains there are some small mountains and lime mountains.
The Biggest Rivers found in Central Java are Serayu River, with its source from the Dieng Plateau and the “Bengawan Solo” River.
Headed by a governor as high rank, Central Java consists of 35 regencies and municipalities. Regency headed by Bupati (Regent) and municipalities by Walikota (Mayor). Regencies and municipalities divided into sub-district headed by Camat and sub-district divided into villages headed by Lurah or Kepala Desa.
The average temperature is 21o – 32o C with the rainy season from October to April and the dry season from April to October.
The Freedom to embrace religion is fully guaranteed by the government. Islam is the greatest number among the five recognized religions (Moslem, Protestant, Catholic, Buddha, and Hindu).
Java language with various dialects is the daily language used by most Central Java people but Bahasa Indonesia as a mother tongue.
The people of Central Java will welcome all of you with hospitable and friendly. The population is 30.7 million in 2002 or about 896 persons per square kilometer with living as farmer, trader, official government. Besides the original tribe, some foreign tribe stays here such as Arabic, Chinese, Indian, and Pakistani.”Kebaya” is representing traditional clothes wearied by the woman.
Semarang Central Java and Places of Interest.
*Candi Borobudur Park.
*Laut Karimunjawa Park.
*Gedong Songo Temple.
*RA Kartini Museum.
*Puri Merokoco Park.
*Bay of Penyu.
*Merapi – Merbabu Argo.
Semarang Central Java Life and Panorama.
Inside and inhabitants, Semarang falls under the five major cities in the nation. It is situated on Java’s normally flat northern coast and appropriately called the capital of Central Java as it lies just about halfway between the two extreme east and west coasts of the island. Indeed, few cities in the country have got hills and mountains so clearly visible from their seaports. In fact, mostly residential, Candi is a hill within Semarang’s perimeter from where breathtaking panoramas on all directions can be witnessed the port, the lowlands and green paddy fields, the city itself and the numerous mountains. The proximity of all this beauty promises adventurous car trips out of Semarang offering you memorable experiences and to be back in the city before dark. There is an older part of the city, close to its ocean harbor, where you can still find an interesting collection of odd-looking buildings dating back to the Dutch colonial era and further back still, to the time of the Dutch East Indies Company. And finally, the city’s zoo may also be worthwhile for visiting. More up to date, the city offers evening performances of Wayang drama played by live actors, actresses, and dancers at Ngesti Pandowo Theatre. For sports fans, there are tennis courts in all major hotels and 2 golf courses located in the town’s suburbs.
Sangiran, The Land of Mystery
Located 15 km from Surakarta. It is a fossilized land of prehistoric living things. In 1891, Eugene Dubois, a French anthropologist discovered fossils of Phitecantropus Erectus, the oldest Java man known. Again in 1930 and 1931, Ngandong Village, Trinil-Mojokerto, was marked with the discovery of fossils of a man that belonged to the Pleistocene Period. It revealed human history many centuries ago. Prof. Dr. Van Koenigswald in 1936 found more evidence about human evolution. He discovered some fossils that support the theory of human growth from an apeman to be a man as we are now. Other fossils, which include those of mammoths (prehistoric elephant) are now preserved in Bandung Geological Museum. In mid-1980, scientists were started by the finding of a complete 4 m tall elephant.
Northeast of Semarang, is a town with white sandy beaches around it, and is also famous for its wood carving industry. Most artists of this sophisticated art come from around this area. It is also the birthplace of Indonesia’s heroine of the national women’s liberation movement. An ancient Portuguese Fort can be found to the east of Jepara. Along the road from Semarang to this town are many sights and curiosities worthy of seeing.
About halfway between Jepara and Semarang, could be taken in on the same trip, as well as Demak. So, Kudus and Demak are two towns having the same directions as to Jepara, and both have historical significance. Kudus has the Minaret Mosque which was built in the 1 5th century, whereas Demak has the oldest mosque in Central Java, both of them very interesting structures from the architectural point of view. Other places of interest are either south, southwest, or west of Semarang which are usually not visited on one roundtrip out of Semarang. It is recommended that you leave the capital on a tour to another city, say, Solo, and see the beautiful things along the way. But even then, you may not be able to see them all in one single day. Another point of destination would be necessary to see other places of interest. It is advisable that you study a detailed map of Central Java to pinpoint the places you want to visit, which very much depend on your personal taste and interest.
Ambarawa Railway Museum
Fifty km, south of Semarang, Ambarawa is the home of Java’` antique locomotive, Established into a museum, it has locomotives of various types and ages, and it is still possible to ride or a cog railway between Ambarawa and Bedono, a village nearby Prior arrangements should be made for groups. Also of interest are a collection of antique telephones and other instruments used for railway communication.
A medium-sized city with a lively character, Solo is also called the city that never sleeps. From the evening throughout the whole night, one can always find something to eat or buy, as vendors of all kinds as well as small food-stalls remain active and open 24 hours. Home of two royal houses with centuries of power and influence over the city, Solo today remains distinctly Central Javanese with an elegance of its own. It is one of the major centers of batik cloths and other Javanese fabrics, whereas souvenir hunters may find exquisite “objects the art” and very ornate trinkets and other decorative items. Those interested in old Javanese culture and art should not miss Solo on their itinerary, as the royal palaces including relics of all sorts will be all yours to witness.
Once in Solo which offers excellent accommodation, short trips to its surrounding areas can easily be made by car or coach. Most hotels should have a stock of pamphlets and booklets on all interesting sport and items available. Not far from here is the Sukuh Temple with wayang stone carvings of Hindu origin and which is the only sample of an erotic temple in Java having the shape of a stepped pyramid like the ones in South America of the Maya culture. There is also a two-century-old palace of King Pakubuwono, art Gallery exhibiting Royal heirlooms, various Javanese weapons, antiques, and other invaluable items.
Semarang Central Java Information
Some of the places of interest are for instance Tawangmangu, a mountain resort at an elevation of almost 1 km above sea level which promises you a cool escape from the city heat. Located 40 km east of Solo. It lies on the slope of mount Lawu, at an elevation of 1300 m above sea level. It is a recreational resort offering fresh weather, scenic views, swimming pools, bungalow-style hotels, and restaurants. Other features include nearby temples in ruin, a national park, and the 40 m high waterfall of Grojogan Sewu.
A 17th-century palace, the royal residence of King Pakubuwono. Attached to the palace is an art gallery exhibiting royal heirlooms, antiques, and other invaluable objects. A genuine royal Javanese atmosphere can be felt and enjoyed here.
Mangkunegaran Palace or Pura Mangkunegaran Another palace built 1757, with a typical Javanese architecture consisting of “Pendopo” (an open front hall to receive guests), “Pringgitan” (a porch to hold leather puppet shadow play) and private apartments. Two sets of 17th-century Javanese gamelan instruments are exhibited and played every Wednesday in the Pendopo. The palace also exhibits a complete collection of masks, wayang orang costumes, leather, and wooden puppets, religious articles, jewelry, another palace is the royal residence of Prince Mangkunegoro, featuring typical Javanese architecture, a complete collection of masks, heirlooms, wayang Golek, handicrafts, Javanese musical instruments, and superb antiques are exhibited here.
Bandungan and Gedong Songo Temple
This is a holiday resort on the slope of Mt. Ungaran, about 900 meters above sea level. Gedong Songo (nine buildings!, a group of small 8th century Hindu Javanese temples, can be reached either by car or on horseback from the town. Built at about the same time as the temples of the Dieng complex, Gedong Songo is one of the most beautifully sited temple complexes in Central Java and the views alone are worth the trip.
Some of the places of interest are for instance Tawangmangu, a mountain resort at an elevation of almost 1 km above sea level
which promises you a cool escape from the city heat.
Lido Water Recreational Centre
It lies 21 km south of Bogor or 81 km from Jakarta. The lake is conveniently located along the route from Bogor to Sukabumi, surrounded by scenic panoramas. Water sport facilities, a restaurant, and accommodation are available.
Semarang Central Java Tourism Information
The name “Borobudur” is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit words “Vihara Buddha Uhr” the Buddhist Monastery on the hill. The Borobudur Temple was built in the eighth century by the Cailendra dynasty and is located at Magelang 90 km southeast of Semarang or 42 km northwest of Yogyakarta. The visitor has the option of going by taxi or public bus to reach this temple. One of the world’s most famous temples, it stands majestically on a hillock overlooking the lush green field and distant hills. Borobudur is built of grey andesite stone. It rises to seven terraces, each smaller than the one below it. The top is the Great Stupa, standing 40 meters above the ground. The walls of the Borobudur are sculptured in bas-relief extending over a total length of six kilometers. It has been hailed as the largest and most complete ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world, unsurpassed in artistic merit, each scene an individual masterpiece.
The monument has been completely restored and was officially opened by the President on 23 February 1983. The restoration took eight years to complete, funded by the Government of Indonesia with aid from UNESCO and donations from private citizens as well as from foreign governments. The Borobudur was in danger of collapsing its stone statues and bas-relics affected by stone cancer, moss, and lichen. A large parking area is available not far from the monument, so private cars and buses have to be parked in this area. During the Buddhist festival of Waisak in May, processions start from Mendut temple. Public transportation is available at the bus terminal. From that point, visitors can hire Becaks or horse carts, or walk the rest of the way to the monument.
Located only three kilometers from Borobudur, Mendut is said to face toward Benares, India, where Buddha Gautama taught his five disciples the very first time. The smaller temples of Mendut, which houses the great statue of Buddha and the Pawon temple, form an integral part of the Borobudur complex. The three-meter tall Buddha together with the two Bodhisatva figures of Lokesvara and Vajrapani are in the view of some experts, among the greatest manifestations of Buddhist thought and art. Through these smaller temple complexes, the pilgrim must pass before ascending the great Borobudur monument.
Jatijajar Cave is about 49 km west of Kebumen, or 20 km from Gombong. It is the most interesting cave in Central Java with its stalactite and stalagmite. Inside, there is the Kamandaka statue which has its own legend. Krakal hot water-springs is located 13 km north-east of Kebumen. Bathing rooms are available. Like many other hot water-springs, it is an effective remedy for skin diseases. 3 km north of Gombong, is the Sempor Dam surrounded by hills forming a nice mountain scenery. Recreational facilities are also provided here.
Goa Lawa is a cave on the foot of Mt. Slamet, 27 km to the north of Purbolinggo. Located 900 meters above sea level, the air is naturally cool and it offers a panoramic, mountain view.
Central Java’s outstanding resort, approximately 1 4 km north of Purwokerto. It occupies a fine site on the slope of Mount Slamet, at an elevation of 650 m above sea level. It has remarkable weather with a cool mountain breeze. The temperature ranges from 18_C to 25_C. The resort area is surrounded by nice gardens, hot springs, ponds, and bungalow-style hotels abound. Other features included 200 ha pine forest, a nearby market, and marvelous views.
Four hours from Semarang is the Dieng Plateau. Here are found some of the oldest Hindu temples of Java. These small monuments which are not more than 50 feet high stand on a crater floor amidst sulfurous fumes and a shrugged majesty, underlined by the presence of a few of the starkest Shivaite temples at an elevation of more than 6.000 feet, is impressive. The road to the Dieng Plateau passes through tobacco plantations and beautiful mountain scenery.
Semarang Central Java Tourism Information
Karimunjawa’s Marine Life
The archipelagic Karimunjawa thought not as known as the Marine reserves near Ambon and Manado, has unexpectedly good beaches, reefs, and lovely seascapes. Corals seem to blossom into gardens, with an Amazing variety of form and color fishers and marine plants. Karimunjawa consists of 27 islands and only a few of which are inhabited. It lies 90 km away from Jepara and can be reached by “KM. Addison I & KM Kota Ukir” boat, the only ferryboat connecting Karimunjawa and Jepara.
It is situated at Patean sub-district Sukorejo about 41 km from Kendall To visit it, visitors can take public buses on route Semarang – Kendal – Weleri – Sukorejo. It can also be reached from the southern part of the province, via Wonosobo / Temanggung on route to Parakan – Ngadirejo – Candroto – Patean. It is the highest waterfall in the province with three levels. The highs are 45 meters, 15 meters, and 20 meters. Visitors can enjoy walking along the forest near the waterfall and also enjoying the forest near the waterfall and also enjoying the mountainous part of the forest called “Lintas Hutan Indah”.
Gucci Hot Water Spring It is about 19 kilometers away from Tegal southward. Gucci is a mountain resort at a height of 1,050 meters above sea level with the temperature ranging from 12.8_ to 21.9_. The main point of interest is the hot water spring. You can take a bath in either indoor and outdoor bathing place or the swimming pool. The water contains chemical compounds such as zinc, sulfur, iodine. Therefore, it can cure various kinds of skin decreases. The Gucci Hot Water Spring is also provided with facilities to meet the tourist’s requirements such as hotels, restaurants, conference rooms, children’s playgrounds, camping sites, parking lot, etc.
Taman Kyai Langgeng
Kyai Langgeng Park located in the western part of Magelang and occupying land of about 19 hectares functions not only as a means. The park with the tranquility of a rural atmosphere is easily accessible as it lies only about 1 km from the center of the town. Convenient public transports bring you there, leaving the business of town life to go back to nature. Built by the Local Government of Magelang Municipality and opened its gate to the public in 1987, Kyai Langgeng Park is now providing you with, Collection of many kinds of rare plants from all over Indonesia, collection of dinosaurs statues, fishing pond, traffic gardens, aquariums greenhouse, swimming pool, open-air theatre, large cages of various kinds of tropical birds, various kinds of animals from the bigger to the smaller ones, the arena for go-carting, a river for canoeing and wild water surfing, restaurants, souvenir shops, tropical fruit market, indoor tennis court, hotel and many other things to see, to do and to enjoy.
This park is named after the name of one of the followers of Prince Diponegoro, one of the Indonesian heroes who fought bravely against the Dutch Colonialist during Diponegoro’s war (1825-1830). The late Kyai Langgeng was buried in this area and his burial can still be found here. For now and the future the Local Government of Magelang Municipality will keep on the move to invest new things in the frame of providing recreational facilities for all levels of the community.