Bukit Dua Belas National Park is representative of the lowland tropical rain forest Area functioned as a permanent production forest merged with National Park. Bukit Dua Belas National Park designated: Minister of Forestry and Estate Crops with a total area of 98,500 hectares, Location: Regencies: Sarolangun Bangko and Jambi.
National Park of Bukit Dua Belas is representative of lowland tropical rain forests in the province of Jambi. In the past, the forest area functioned as permanent production forest, limited production forest and other forest land use which were later merged to become the National Park. The remaining natural forest is situated in the northern part of the park, while the rest comprises the secondary forest.
Plant species in Bukit Dua Belas National Park include bulian (Eusideroxylon zwageri), meranti (Shorea sp.), menggiris/kempas (Koompassia excelsa), jelutung (Dyera costulata), damar (Agathis sp.), jernang (Daemonorops draco), and rattan (Calamus sp.). There are about 120 species of plants, including fungi, which could be developed as medicinal plants.
Bukit Dua Belas National Park forms a habitat for endangered and protected animals like siamang (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa diardi), lesser Malay mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus kanchil), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus malayanus), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak montanus), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis sumatrana), hairy-nosed otter (Lutra sumatrana), Asian wild dog (Cuon alpinus sumatrensis), Sumatran rabbit (Nesolagus netscheri), crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela malayensis), etc.
Owing to the existence of so many rivers and tributaries (appearing on the map like root fibres) which drain from within the Bukit Dua Belas National Park area, Bukit Dua Belas National Park is an important water catchment area for the Batanghari watershed.
The topography of the Park varies from flat to slightly hilly with a few higher hills like Suban, Punai (” 164 m asl.), Panggang (” 328 m asl.), and Kuran (” 438 m asl.).
The indigenous people of the Anak Dalam tribe (Orang Rimba) have been dwelling in the forest area of the Park for many years. They use the forest as a place to roam where they can interact with nature, maintaining a symbiotic relationship with the forest. To meet their daily needs, the indigenous people hunt pigs, fish, collect honey, and tap the sap from rubber trees for sale.
As for modern conveniences, most of the Anak Dalam use only wristwatches and battery-operated radios. Other than that, their simple way of life remains more or less intact. At night, they use resin torches as a source of light. The Anak Dalam community needs to be empowered so that they can benefit from improved knowledge and welfare, but this should not be at the cost of contaminating their culture.
Bukit Dua Belas National Park area has only recently been declared by the Minister of Forestry and Estate Crops as a National Park, and as such has relatively few facilities for visitors.
Interesting locations & attractions Bukit Dua Belas National Park
How to reach the Park: Jambi-Pauh via Muara Bulian, about 3 hours by bus; Pauh-Lubuk Jering and Pematang Kabau, about 2 hours by chartered car.
Designated: Minister of Forestry and Estate Crops,
SK.No. 258/Kpts-II/2000, a total area of 98,500 hectares
Location: Regencies; Sarolangun Bangko, Bungo Tebo, and Batanghari (Province of Jambi).
Best time of year to visit: June to October.
Temperature 28° – 36° C.
Rainfall 1,500 mm/year (on average).
Altitude 50 – 400 m asl.
Geographical location 102°29′ – 102°49′ E; 1°44′ – 1°58′ S.
Park Office: Jl. Arif Rachman Hakim 10, Jambi 36124.
Tel. : +62-741-667983.