Kelimutu National Park topography, varies from gently rolling hills to more mountainous relief, unique natural phenomenon three different-colored lakes. Kelimutu National Park designated: Minister of Forestry with a total area of 5,000 hectares, Location: Regency of Ende, Flores island, Province of East Nusa Tenggara.
Some of the plants that grow in the national Park area are kayu mata (Albizia montana), kebu (Homalanthus giganteus), tokotaka (Putranjiva roxburghii), uwi rora (Ardisia humilis), longgo baja (Drypetes subcubica), toko keo (Cyrtandra sp.), kayu deo (Trema cannabina), kayu bu (Casuarina equisetifolia), kelo (Ficus villosa), and ampupu (Eucalyptus urophylla).
Kelimutu National Park provides habitat for at least 19 restricted-range bird species including the near threatened Flores green pigeon (Treron floris), Wallace’s scops owl (Otus silvicola), chestnut-backed jungle flycatcher (Rhinomyias oscillans), bare-throated whistler (Pachycephala nudigula), little minivet (Pericrocotus lansbergei), russet-capped tesia (Tesia everetti), thick-billed white-eye (Heleia crassirostris), crested white-eye (Lophozosterops dohertyi), golden-rumped flowerpecker (Dicaeum annae), Flores monarch (Monarcha sacerdotum), flame-breasted sunbird (Nectarinia solaris), and Flores hawk-eagle (Spizaetus floris). The four endemic mammals include two montane rodents: Bunomys naso and Rattus hainaldi.
Not only does it have high biodiversity, but Kelimutu National Park is also the location of a unique natural phenomenon-three different-colored lakes at the peak of Mt. Kelimutu (1,690 m asl.). The first lake is named Tiwu Ata Mbupu (lake of people spirits), the second is named Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai (lake of young people spirits), and the third is Tiwu Ata Polo (lake of fortune-tellers spirits). The first and second lakes are situated close together, while the third lake is about 1.5 km to the west. The color of the water in each lake is different and the colors change from time to time, particularly that of Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai Lake: twenty-five years ago, its water changed color twelve times. Thought to be caused by the volcanic activity of Kelimutu, it has also been suggested that the changes in color are due to the refraction of the sun’s rays, microbiota in the water, dissolution of chemical substances, and the reflection of the color of the lake walls and bottom.
The natural riches of the Park is complemented by its cultural heritage. Traditional houses, dances, and weaving are still in evidence among the local people. The art of producing highly complex patterns in woven cloth is very interesting. Great skill and imagination are involved and the production process is different from other ikat weaves in Indonesia.
Interesting locations & attractions Kelimutu National Park
Mt. Kelimutu: the peak of Mt. Kelimutu is the best place to view the three lakes.
Moni: thermal springs, waterfalls, and ikat weaving.
Best time of year to visit: July to September.
How to reach the Park: Kupang-Ende, about 40 minutes by plane; or Bima-Ende, about 90 minutes by plane. From Ende, proceed to the nearest village, Desa Koanara: this takes about 3 hours (93 km). Then on foot from Desa Koanara via Desa Koposili-Desa Manakuko to Kelimutu Lake, about 2.5 hours.
Designated: Minister of Forestry, SK.No.279/Kpts-II/92.
a total area of 5,000 hectares
Gazetted: Minister of Forestry, SK. No. 675/Kpts-II/97.
a total area of 5,356,5 hectares.
Location: Regency of Ende (Province of East Nusa Tenggara).
Temperature 25° – 31° C.
Rainfall 1,615 – 3,363 mm/annual.
Altitude 1,500 – 1,731 m asl.
Geographical location 121°44′ – 121°51′ E; 8°43′ – 8°48′ S.
Park Office: Jl. Achmad Yani 34.
Ende Flores, East Nusa Tenggara.
Tel. : +62-381-22478.