Kepulauan Seribu National Park is one of Indonesia’s marine nature conservation areas, 78 coral islands, both large and small located 45km north Jakarta. Kepulauan Seribu National Park declared: Minister of Agriculture, in 1962m designated: Minister of Forestry with a total area of 107,489 hectares, Province of Jakarta.
The 78 coral islands, both large and small, with an average altitude of not more than 3 m asl, form a chain. Hundreds of years ago, the islands were formed upon colonies of dead coral. These colonies initially grew on shallow sea beds; their upper layers breached the surface and were weathered. Later, pioneer plants such as bushes and several tree species began to grow on the coral. The surface of the islands is quite different from soil-covered ground, and this is reflected in their diverse plant and animal life.
In general, the plants that grow in the Kepulauan Seribu National Park are dominated by coastal species like coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), pandan (Pandanus sp.), cemara laut (Casuarina equisetifolia), cangkudu (Morinda citrifolia), butun (Barringtonia asiatica), mangrove (Bruguiera sp.), sukun (Artocarpus altilis), ketapang (Terminalia cattapa), and kecundang (Cerbena adollam).
Sea vegetation commonly found in the Kepulauan Seribu national park consists of seaweed divisions like Rhodophyta, Chlorophyta, and Phaeophyta as well as classes of seagrasses like Halimeda sp., Padina sp., Thalasia sp., Sargasum sp., and Caulerpa sp.
The dominant animals in the Kepulauan Seribu National Park include 54 sea biota species which form part of the coral reef ecosystem, 144 species of fish, 2 species of giant clam, 6 species of seagrass, sea worms of various colors and 17 species of coastal bird.
Kepulauan Seribu National Park forms a hatching site for hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), and green turtle (Chelonia mydas). The hawksbill turtle is an endangered species and is rarely found in other waters. These turtles are bred on Pramuka Island. This activity is aimed at recovering the turtle population, which had almost reached extinction. Breeding activities include egg hatching in a semi-natural way and caring for the baby turtles until they are ready to be released into their natural habitat.
Most coastal areas of Kepulauan Seribu National Park are surrounded by mangrove forest, where iguanas, golden ring snakes, and pythons can be found.
The Kepulauan Seribu chain is a place of enchanting natural beauty. The symphony of calls of the creatures on these small green islands, combined with the sound of thundering waves and golden sunshine at dusk brings a sense of calm and tranquillity to all those who visit Kepulauan Seribu, National Park.
Interesting locations & attractions Kepulauan Seribu National Park
Pramuka, Semak Daun, Kelapa, and Panggang Islands: turtle breeding, observing animals, and marine tours.
Pramuka, Opak, and Karang Congkak Islands: wreck diving.
Panjang, Putri, Pelangi, and Perak Islands: marine tours organized by a private company.
Semut, Karang Congkak, Karang Kroja, Kotok Besar, Kotok Kecil, and Gosong Laga Islands: diving and snorkelling.
Best time of year to visit: March to August.
How to reach the Park: For those wishing to take a marine tour around the islands, a boat leaves every day from the Jaya Ancol Marina. The journey time is 1-2 hours. Muara Angke-Pramuka Island, about 2.5 hours by ferry.
Declared: Minister of Agriculture, in 1962.
Designated: Minister of Forestry, SK.No. 6310/Kpts-II/2002.
a total area of 107,489 hectares.
Location Province of DKI Jakarta.
Temperature 21° – 34° C.
Rainfall 3,000 mm/year (on average).
Altitude 0 – 2 m asl.
West season November – February.
East season May-August.
Geographical location 106°25′ – 106°37’E; 5°23′ – 5°40′ S.
Park Office: Jl. Salemba Raya 9, Jakarta Pusat 10440.
Tel. : +62-21-3915773.
Fax. : +62-21-3103574.