Mount Leuser national park represents several ecosystem types, from the coastal forest through the tropical lowland forest ecosystem to the montane forest ecosystem.
Most of the Mount Leuser National Park area is covered with thick Dipterocarpaceae forest with rivers and waterfalls flowing through it. There are some endangered and peculiar plants, namely Daun payung Raksasa (Johannesteijsmannia altifrons), rafflesia flowers (Rafflesia atjehensis and R. micropylora), and Rhizanthes zippelnii-the biggest flower, with a diameter of 1.5 meters. In addition, there is one plant unique to the area: the ara, a strangling plant.
Mount Leuser national park information endangered and protected animal species which inhabit the Mount Leuser National Park include orangutan (Pongo abelii), siamang (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), Asian elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis), serow (Capricornis sumatraensis), great hornbill (Buceros bicornis), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), and leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis sumatrana).
Mount Leuser National Park has been declared a Biosphere Reserve. Under a cooperation program between Indonesia and Malaysia, the Park is also designated as a “Sister Park” to the Taman Negara in Malaysia.
Interesting locations & attractions Mount Leuser National Park
Gurah: fantastic views, valleys, waterfalls; animals and plants such as Rafflesia, orangutans, birds, snakes, and butterflies.
Bohorok: an orangutan rehabilitation center; ecotourism activities like kayaking/canoeing, camping, and birdwatching.
Kluet: boating on rivers and lakes, trekking through coastal forest and caving. Kluet is also a habitat of tigers.
Sekundur: camping, caving, animal observation.
Ketambe and Suak Belimbing: a suitable place for research on primates and other animals; research facilities include accommodation and a library. Gunung (Mount) Leuser (3,404 m asl.) and Mt. Kemiri (3,314 m asl.): mountain climbing and hiking. River rafting along the Alas River: start from Gurah-Muara Situlen-Gelombang for a three-day trip.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Lake Toba Festival in June (held on the Lake) and the Malay Culture Festival held in July in Medan.
Best time of year to visit: June to October.
How to reach Mount Leuser national park: Medan – Kutacane about 8 hours by car (240 km), Kutacane-Gurah/Ketambe about 30 minutes by car (35 km), Medan-Bohorok / Bukit Lawang about 1 hour by car (98 km), Medan-Sei Betung/Sekundur about 2 hours by car (150 km), Medan-Tapaktuan about 10 hours by car (298 km).
Declared: Minister of Agriculture, in 1980,
a total area of 792,675 hectares
Designated: Minister of Forestry, SK. No.276/Kpts-VI/1997,
a total area of 1,094,692 hectares
Location: Regencies Southeast Aceh, South Aceh,
Aceh Singkil (Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam), and
Regency of Langkat (Province of North Sumatra)
Temperature 21° – 28° C
Rainfall 2,000 – 3,200 mm/year
Altitude 0 – 3,381 m asl.
Geographical location 96°35′ – 98°30′ E; 2°50′ – 4°10′ S
Jl. Raya Blangkejeren Nr. 37 Km 3 PO Box 16, Kutacane, Nanggroe Aceh D.
Tel. : +62-629- 21358.
Fax. : +62-629- 21016.