Rawa Aopa Watumohai national park comprises sub-montane rain forest, mangrove forest, coastal forest, savanna, and freshwater swamp forest ecosystems. Rawa Aopa Watumohai national park designated: Minister of Forestry with a total area of 105,194 hectares, Location: Kendari, Buton, Kolaka, Sulawesi.
The savanna vegetation of Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park is unique, being a combination of grassy plains with fan palms, thorny bamboo, bushes, and other plants growing along the rivers that flow through the savanna.
There is a remarkable variety of plants in the Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park. It has been recorded that there are at least 89 families, 257 genera, and 323 species of plant such as lara (Metrosideros petiolata), sisio (Cratoxylum formosum), kalapi (Callicarpa celebica), tongke (Bruguiera gimnorrhiza), fan palm (Borassus flabellifer), and lotus (Victoria sp.).
Various species of birds also inhabit the Park: 155 species have been recorded, of which 32 are endangered and 37 are endemic. Those 155 bird species include the maleo fowl (Macrocephalon maleo), lesser adjutant stork (Leptoptilos javanicus), woolly-necked stork (Ciconia episcopus episcopus), collared kingfisher (Halcyon chloris chloris), sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita triton), vinous-breasted sparrowhawk (Accipiter rhodogaster rhodogaster), Sulawesi black pigeon (Turacoena manadensis), and Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica).
The eastern tarsier (Tarsius spectrum spectrum) and black-crested macaque (Macaca nigra nigra) are among the primate species to be found here. Endangered and protected animals in the Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park include lowland anoa (Bubalus depressicornis), mountain anoa (B. quarlesi), water-hagedis dragon (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), small cuscus (Strigocuscus celebensis celebensis), Timor deer (Cervus timorensis djonga), Sulawesi palm civets (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii musschenbroekii), and babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa celebensis).
Interesting locations & attractions Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park
Pulau Harapan II: located in the center of Rawa Aopa, a good place for viewing the natural panorama of the swamp and watching waterfowl spy on fish, and boating.
Lanuwulu Beach: traveling downriver by boat to the beach, mangrove forest, swimming, and marine tours.
Mt. Watumohai: climbing and camping. On the slopes of the mountain, there is a savanna plain where hundreds of deer can be seen grazing, along with other animals and birds.
A cultural attraction outside the Park is the Tolaki Festival, held in Kendari in December.
Best time of year to visit: June to October.
How to reach the Park: Kendari-Lambuya-Aopa-Lanowulu by car, 4 hours (” 145 km); or Kendari-Punggaluku-Tinanggea-Lanowulu by car, 2.5 hours (” 120 km); or Kendari-Motaha-Tinanggea-Lanowulu by car, 3 hours (” 130 km).
Declared: Minister of Forestry, in 1969.
a total area of 96,804 hectares.
Designated: Minister of Forestry SK.No.756/Kpts-II/196.
a total area of 105,194 hectares.
Location: Regencies; Kendari, Buton, Kolaka (Province of Southeast Sulawesi).
Temperature 23° – 30° C.
Rainfall 1,500 – 2,000 mm/year.
Altitude 0 – 981 m asl.
Geographical location 121°46′ – 122°09′ E; 4°00′ – 4°36′ S.
Park Office: Lanowulu, Tinanggea.
Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi.