Taka Bonerate national park is home to the third biggest atoll in the world after Kwajifein in the Marshall Isles and Suvadiva in the Moldiva isles. Taka Bonerate national park designated: Minister of Forestry with a total area of 530,765 hectares, Location: Selayar, Province of South Sulawesi.
The total area of the atoll is about 220,000 hectares with coral reefs spreading over 500 km².
The topography of Taka Bonerate National Park is unique. The atoll consists of a chain of islands of dry coral and a large flat sunken reef, forming a large number of islands. The coral islands are interspersed by narrow, deep, sheer-walled straits. On the coral flats, there are small, deep pools surrounded by coral reefs. At low tide, dry land is clearly visible, dotted by water flooding into the small pools.
The plant species inhabiting the coastal areas are dominated by coconut tree (Cocos nucifera), pandan laut (Pandanus sp.), cemara laut (Casuarina equisetifolia), and ketapang (Terminalia catappa).
Among the more than 261 identified species of coral are Pocillopora eydouxi, Montipora danae, Acropora palifera, Porites cylindrica, Pavona clavus, Fungia concinna, etc. Most of the corals have formed either atolls (barrier reefs) or fringing reefs. They are all beautiful and in relatively pristine condition.
There are about 295 species of coral fish and several species of fish which are of high economic value for consumption, like grouper (Epinephelus spp.), skipjack (Katsuwonus spp.), napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus), and surgeonfish (Acanthurus sp.).
Among the 244 species of mollusc are the top shell (Trochus niloticus), horned helmet (Cassis cornuta), trumpet triton (Charonia tritonis), green shell (Turbo marmoratus), fluted giant clam (Tridacna squamosa), and pearly-chambered nautili (Nautilus pompillius).
The species of turtle that have been recorded here include the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Pacific ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), and common green turtle (Chelonia mydas). There are 15 islands in Taka Bonerate National Park where visitors can enjoy diving, snorkeling, and marine tours.
Interesting locations & attractions Taka Bonerate National Park
How to reach Taka Bonerate National Park: Makassar-Bulukumba by bus, 5 hours (153 km); Bulukumba to Pamatata Selayar harbour by ferry, 2 hours; Pamatata-Benteng, 1.5 hours; Benteng-Rajuni Kecil (the nearest island) by small boat, 5 hours.
Designated: Minister of Forestry SK No. 280/Kpts-II/92,
a total area of 530,765 hectares
Location: Regency of Selayar (Province of South Sulawesi)
Best time of year to visit: April to June, and October to December.
Waters Temperature 28° – 32° C.
Salinity 34 – 35 °/00.
Weather clearness 80 – 100 %.
Drifted oxygen 4.5 – 6.0 ppm.
Low-tide 1 – 1.5 m.
Wind speed 33 – 50 cm / second.
Rainy season January to March.
Dry season July to September.
Geographical location 120°54′ – 121°25′ E; 6°16′ – 7°06′ S.
Park Office: Jl. S. Parman 40, Benteng.
Selayar 92812, South Sulawesi.