Ujung Kulon national park forms the largest remaining lowland tropical rain forest ecosystem in West Java. Moreover, it is an ideal habitat for rare animals. It is like the Javan rhinoceros or Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus. Ujung Kulon national park’s three main ecosystem types are marine life, coastal and terrestrial.
National Park of Ujung Kulon natural riches – a huge diversity of plants and animals – was first recognized by Dutch and British researchers and botanists in 1820.
Some 700 species of plants are well protected, and about 57 of them are categorized as endangered species, including bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), bengang (Neesia altissima), salam (Syzygium polyanthum), and various species of orchid.
Ujung Kulon National Park is home to 35 species of mammal, 5 species of primate, 59 species of reptile, 22 species of amphibian, 240 species of bird, 72 species of insect, 142 species of fish, and 33 species of coral. Besides the Javan rhinoceros, other endangered and protected animals are banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), Javan deer (Cervus timorensis russa), panther (Panthera pardus), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis), Javan leaf monkey (Presbytis comata comata), Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch), and great clam (Tridacna gigas).
Ujung Kulon National Park is an attractive ecotourism site, with impressive natural phenomena of fast-flowing rivers, waterfalls, white sand beaches, thermal springs, sea gardens, and cultural/historical remains (a statue of Ganesha). Taken together, they create an unforgettable experience for the visitor.
The marine and river waters of the Park are home to many beautiful species of fish, including butterfly fish, angel fish, parrot fish, clown fish, mudskippers, and archer fish. The last two species each have a unique characteristic: the mudskipper can climb up trees, while the archer fish can spit water up to a height of more than two meters in order to catch its prey (insects).
Ujung Kulon National Park, together with the Krakatau Nature Reserve, forms a national asset that has been declared a Natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
UNESCO has provided both financial support and technical assistance to enhance the managerial capacity of this Site.
Around the Mt. Honje area there is a community of Sunda Banten people. These people of this community are known for their debus” show using supernatural powers.
Interesting locations & attractions Ujung Kulon National Park
Tamanjaya and Cibiuk: the main entrance gate, with a guesthouse and a wharf. Cibiuk is a short distance from Tamanjaya. From here, it takes about 30 minutes on foot (a distance of about 2 km) to reach thermal springs.
Kalejetan Beach: a good point to watch the pounding waves of the Southern Ocean, observe banteng, and spot various plants. The beach is located about 11 km away (3 hours on foot) from Tamanjaya.
Karangranjang Beach: wave formations and a beautiful white sand beach, turtle hatching sites, and opportunities to observe animals such as iguana, deer, pigs, etc. It is located about 5 km west of Kalejetan Beach.
Cibandawoh: clean, white, sloping beaches, and a good observation point for deer, pigs, etc. It is about 6 km west of Karangranjang.
Peucang Island: white sand beaches, coral reefs, attractive crystal clear blue sea water for swimming, diving, fishing, snorkeling, and plant and animal observation.
Karang Copong, Citerjun, Cidaon, Ciujungkulon, Cibunar, Tanjung Layar, and Ciramea: forest and river exploration, animals roaming through pasture, waterfalls, and turtle hatching sites.
Handeuleum Island, Cigenter, Cihandeuleum: animal observation (banteng, pigs, deer, various species of bird, and tracking the footprints of the Javan rhino), exploring rivers and mangrove forest.
Panaitan Island, Mt. Raksa and Mt. Honje: diving, surfing, sites of historical/cultural interest.
Best time of year to visit: April to September.
How to reach the Park: Jakarta-Pandeglang (via toll road)-Labuan, about 3 hours by car (153 km); or Bogor-Pandeglang-Labuan, about 3 hours (160 km); then Labuan-Tamanjaya via Sumur, about 3.5 hours by car; or Labuan-Pulau Peucang, about 5 hours by speed boat.
Declared Minister of Agriculture, in 1980.
Designated Minister of Forestry, SK No. 284/Kpts-II/1992.
a total area of 122,956 hectares.
Location Regency of Pandeglang (Province of Banten).
Temperature 25°- 30° C.
Rainfall 3,200 mm/year (on average).
Altitude 0 – 608 m asl.
Geographical location 102°02′ – 105°37′ E; 6°30′ – 6°52′ S.
Park Office: Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Nr. 51.
Labuan Pandeglang 42264.
Tel. : +62-253-801731.
Fax. : +62-253-804651.